Video & Summary of Discussion
For the background of the session, please take a look at the announcement.
Summary of video Part 1 (32 minutes.)
First 8 min.-Welcome & introduction of Davos… series 2015
Yoko welcomes and explains that Annual Meeting of World Economic Forum is in session in Switzerland, while showing the live webcast. She explains the reason we started “Davos.. in Tokyo” series is to have more people to be “participants” rather than spectators.
She explains three types of session planned for the year 2015—1) special session with guest 2) fun/skill development session 3) company-sponsored session.
She then introduces Ken Endo, CEO of Xiborg and his TEDxTokyo talk
Next 20 min. Ken’s presentation
Ken explains his personal history re: how he became interested in prosthetic devices, how inspired he was by Prof. Hugh Herr of MIT Media Lab, and got his ph.D at MIT.
He explained three parts of “Disabled.” Namely 1) society designed for “intact” people making 2) individuals who lost some ability feel more “disabled” because of society made for “intact” and attitude/confusion by intact people dealing with “disabled” and 3) technology as enabler and augmenting the body parts which lose the original ability.
He uses the example of eye glasses as one of the technologies augmenting the eyesight. We do not think people with eye glasses as “disabled” and accept eye glasses. Ken wants to use technology to augment the ability of any body part like eye glasses, (thus “Hack the Body” because he shares Prof. Herr’s concept of “No people are disabled.”
They he explained three types of prosthetics he is working on 1) robotic prosthesis-more of academic endeavor 2) affordable prosthetic devices for developing countries 3) athletic prosthetics for Paralympics.
He discussed that ability of our body depends on the environment we are in. For example, if we are sent to Africa, we may not be able to survive even if we have all the functions of the body. How we see our ability (vs. disability) depends upon the environment.
His vision is to eliminate the hurdle or distinction between Intact and Disabled by using technology.
Summary of Video Part 2 (50 min.)
First 30 min.
Four groups assigned to the question “what can we do to make the public more receptive to the idea of “nobody is disabled” reported back their conclusion and recommendations.
Their focus was on changing the mindset of people, i.e. psychological barriers.
Core ideas are 1) make “disabled” cool and fashionable
2) target at young children/offer “fun” programs
3) engage companies such as Nike, Ferrari with old celebrities (Ken Takakura etc) and make it CSV activities
4) simulate the experience of “disabled” Dialogue in the Dark etc.
Two groups working on recommendation in developed countries came up with
1) Offer support tool in sports scenes etc. to make intact people “happier”
2) Work on B2B such as construction industry by providing productivity enhancement devices using technology
(idea behind is happy & eliminate the distinction between Intact and Disabled)
3) Target elderly people who tend to stay inside, with lower priced devices with limited features
Two groups working on recommendation in developing countries
1) Make work-house closer to get data first
2) Develop devices for specific purposes such as farming
3) Set up Grameen like grouping so that those who need prostheses can sell to others and maintain (with certificate)
4) Use of internet to achieve Win-Win for companies
Ken summarized that psychological aspect is a hurdle more so than technology and understanding of the “disabled” (or no people are disabled concept) is critical
Session #22 Davos Experience in Tokyo Series January 23, 2015
“Creating the society where everybody can move freely with technology & creativity“
At the first of Davos Experience in Tokyo Series in the year 2015 on January 23, we will invite Dr. Ken Endo, CEO of Xiborg. Xiborg seeks to bring “Joy of Locomotion to all”, as they believe there is no hurdle (less talent, disability, elderliness, etc.) preventing anyone from having fun of locomotion. (http://xiborg.jp/home-e/) Ken has done extensive research in the area of augmented motions and robotics at MIT Media Lab, and Sony Computer Science Lab. He is one of the Young Global Leaders of the World Economic Forum, and has been selected as TR35 (35 innovators under 35) by MIT in 2012. You may have seen his TEDxTokyo talk this past May.
He began his research when his friend with whom he played basketball suffered from bone cancer (osteosarcoma) and had to have his leg amputated.
He decided to further his research by using augmented motions and human robotics to the research of prostheses. In 2014, he started the company, Xiborg, to develop the athletic prosthesis which may enable athletes with prostheses to beat the Olympic champions, by advancing prosthetic technology, biomechanics and athletics.
There are so many people in the world who lost leg due to the illness, terrorist attack such as the one at Boston Marathon 2 years ago and land mine at the war-stricken regions.
In Japan where the rapid ageing is underway, the ability to walk the elderly loses as they age prevents them from leading the normal life and often make them bed-ridden.
Many of you may have had experiences yourselves and know first hand, how difficult to lead a normal life when you injure the leg, even for a short period of time. It makes you depressed if you lose the ability to move around.
If we can make the prostheses easier to use and more affordable for those in the developing countries, all the people regardless of nationality, age, wealth, and/or physical condition can have much fuller and richer life and we can make a big step forward to the society full of energy and vitality.
Why not join us to develop creative and innovative ideas to make it happen?
Ken and his company Xiborg has several goals—1) develop robotic with prostheses 2) develop prostheses which can be produced and made available in the developing countries and 3) develop athletic prostheses which enable athletes to perform better than the Olympic champions.
Those who have some elderly around you, those who are interested in making contribution to resolving the global agenda in the developing world, and those who want to support the grand challenge to build super athletic prostheses, join us on January 23 to help Ken and his company to make their (and our) dream come true.
For session #22 of Davos experience in Tokyo on Friday, January 23, 2015, we will start the session at Wilson Learning Innovation Center from 7:30 pm as before, followed by the networking reception at the same venue. For information on Ken Endo, please check the following:
ご案内: ダボスの経験を東京で 第22回 「誰でも、自由な動きができる社会を－ロボット技術を駆使する自由な世界の実現」
2015年第1回の「ダボスの経験を東京で」では、「すべての人が動く喜びを持てる社会を」と題して、テクノロジーを駆使して義足の研究と普及を目指し、Xiborgの社長である遠藤謙さんをお招きします。遠藤さんは、2014年に世界経済フォーラムのYoung Global Leadersに選出、2012年にはMITの35歳以下の注目されるイノベーター、TR35にも選ばれ、TEDxTokyoなどでもTalkをしています。
遠藤さんは、バスケットボール仲間だった友人が骨肉腫を患い、足を切断しなくてはならなくなってしまったのを見て、MITメディアラボ、そしてソニーComputer Science Labでロボット義足の研究を続け、2014年には、「すべての人が動く喜びを」というテーマの下、才能、障害、高齢などがこの喜びを奪うことのないようにとXiborgという会社を立ち上げています。